Blog: Since When Is Black and White Green? - AVS Forum
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post #1 of 18 Old 11-21-2006, 03:51 PM - Thread Starter
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I found the following blog while researching ITU Recs. 601 and 709 in the hope of learning more about what might be causing some Sony SXRD owners to report a dreaded greenish tinge, especially on SD material: http://whatsonhdtv.blogspot.com/2006...ite-green.html

...the blogger basically hypothesizes that the greenish tinge is being caused by incorrect color matrix conversion somewhere along the way.

Does the blogger's theory have merit? I'd appreciate any insight from those in the know...

"In theory, there is no difference between theory and practice. But in practice, there is." - Yogi Berra
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post #2 of 18 Old 11-21-2006, 06:16 PM
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Quote:
Originally Posted by 1920x1080 View Post

Does the blogger's theory have merit? I'd appreciate any insight from those in the know...

Not for black and white material. In both 601 and 709 matrices, Cb and Cr are equal to 128 when there is absence of color. Both matrices will output the same RGB values when Cb and Cr are 128. Just look at the equations:

601
R = Y + 1.371(Cr - 128)
G = Y - 0.698(Cr - 128) - 0.336(Cb - 128)
B = Y + 1.732(Cb - 128)

709
R = Y + 1.54(Cr - 128)
G = Y - 0.459(Cr - 128) - 0.183(Cb - 128)
B = Y + 1.816(Cb - 128)

When Cb and Cr are 128, both equations become R = G = B = Y.

Ron

HD MPEG-2 Test Patterns http://www.w6rz.net
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post #3 of 18 Old 11-21-2006, 08:19 PM
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Green blob is a problem with SXRD light engines, not incorrect color matrix conversions.

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post #4 of 18 Old 11-21-2006, 09:10 PM - Thread Starter
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Quote:
Originally Posted by eapleitez View Post

Green blob is a problem with SXRD light engines, not incorrect color matrix conversions.

...and lumping everything into the "green blob" problem is an oversimplification.

"In theory, there is no difference between theory and practice. But in practice, there is." - Yogi Berra
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post #5 of 18 Old 11-21-2006, 11:15 PM
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FWIW, There's a lot of so-called "B&W" programming that suffers from poor encoding at some point along the way to your set. Case(s) in point: episodes of the original "Twilight Zone" (on SciFi) and "The Andy Griffith Show" (from one of my local stations.) ...
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post #6 of 18 Old 11-22-2006, 03:52 AM
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Quote:
Originally Posted by HDTVChallenged View Post

FWIW, There's a lot of so-called "B&W" programming that suffers from poor encoding at some point along the way to your set. Case(s) in point: episodes of the original "Twilight Zone" (on SciFi) and "The Andy Griffith Show" (from one of my local stations.) ...

I wonder if there is something odd going on with DVD authoring? I note much excess green on many British TV-on-DVD titles. I have very slight excess green on other material with my system: Oppo 971 (DVI)->Westinghouse 37w3.

-Bill
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post #7 of 18 Old 11-22-2006, 09:44 AM
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I think it was still a calibration issue. The blogger did not specify what Plasmas he had. Some have different gray scale memories for different scan rates - so his gray scale for 1080i might have been OK, but 480i was off.

He also mentioned that he had issues getting these plasmas calibrated.

Dave Hancock
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post #8 of 18 Old 11-22-2006, 09:50 AM
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Quote:
Originally Posted by wmcclain View Post

I wonder if there is something odd going on with DVD authoring?

If so, it wouldn't be the first (or last) time. One well known and respected calibration disk has a documented red contamination in some of it's greyscale patterns.
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post #9 of 18 Old 11-22-2006, 10:53 AM - Thread Starter
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Quote:
Originally Posted by dr1394 View Post

Not for black and white material. In both 601 and 709 matrices, Cb and Cr are equal to 128 when there is absence of color. Both matrices will output the same RGB values when Cb and Cr are 128. Just look at the equations:

601
R = Y + 1.371(Cr - 128)
G = Y - 0.698(Cr - 128) - 0.336(Cb - 128)
B = Y + 1.732(Cb - 128)

709
R = Y + 1.54(Cr - 128)
G = Y - 0.459(Cr - 128) - 0.183(Cb - 128)
B = Y + 1.816(Cb - 128)

When Cb and Cr are 128, both equations become R = G = B = Y.

Ron

Thank you Ron, quite clear. But how about when color information is present? The coefficients for 709 are "less negative" than for 601, so for any given value of Y, the values of R, G and B are larger with 709 than they are with 601, with G having the greatest difference. Given this, if something in color were encoded with 601 but decoded with 709, wouldn't the resultant values of R, G and B be higher that they should be, with G having the greatest difference?

"In theory, there is no difference between theory and practice. But in practice, there is." - Yogi Berra
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post #10 of 18 Old 11-22-2006, 11:11 AM
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Quote:
Originally Posted by 1920x1080 View Post

I found the following blog while researching ITU Recs. 601 and 709 in the hope of learning more about what might be causing some Sony SXRD owners to report a dreaded greenish tinge, especially on SD material: http://whatsonhdtv.blogspot.com/2006...ite-green.html

...the blogger basically hypothesizes that the greenish tinge is being caused by incorrect color matrix conversion somewhere along the way.

Does the blogger's theory have merit? I'd appreciate any insight from those in the know...

The green tinge I complain about with my Sony A2000 is not present with black and white material. My previous TV had the problem of green streaks in B&W material but my A2000 looks great with B&W.

With my A2000 some peoples faces are too green and soemtimes you see green in the shadows of faces.
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post #11 of 18 Old 11-22-2006, 02:01 PM
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Quote:
Originally Posted by 1920x1080 View Post

Thank you Ron, quite clear. But how about when color information is present? The coefficients for 709 are "less negative" than for 601, so for any given value of Y, the values of R, G and B are larger with 709 than they are with 601, with G having the greatest difference. Given this, if something in color were encoded with 601 but decoded with 709, wouldn't the resultant values of R, G and B be higher that they should be, with G having the greatest difference?

Yes.

http://www.avsforum.com/avs-vb/attac...chmentid=32137

Ron

HD MPEG-2 Test Patterns http://www.w6rz.net
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post #12 of 18 Old 11-24-2006, 01:07 PM
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Quote:
Originally Posted by HDTVChallenged View Post

If so, it wouldn't be the first (or last) time. One well known and respected calibration disk has a documented red contamination in some of it's greyscale patterns.

That's true (if your speaking of AVIA ) and a good example of how things get blown out of proportion around here. That "contamination" can't be detected by eye, at least not mine. Example, who can see the difference between .xxx8 and .xxx1
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post #13 of 18 Old 11-24-2006, 02:51 PM
 
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Quote:
Originally Posted by 1920x1080 View Post

Thank you Ron, quite clear. But how about when color information is present? The coefficients for 709 are "less negative" than for 601, so for any given value of Y, the values of R, G and B are larger with 709 than they are with 601, with G having the greatest difference. Given this, if something in color were encoded with 601 but decoded with 709, wouldn't the resultant values of R, G and B be higher that they should be, with G having the greatest difference?

Yes but only if there is color present. If it's just B&W it should only be Y, so there should be no error.

In addition to the colorbars that ron posted, the illustrations at the bottom of this page are with real images showing matrix mismatches:

http://www.sigmadesigns.com/public/S...omaticity.html

Notice how white portions are unaffected, while strongly colored portions are visibly altered when a matrix mismatch occurs.

This is also why display red push problems are NOT solvable with grayscale alterations.
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post #14 of 18 Old 12-20-2006, 09:19 AM
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Quote:
Originally Posted by holtzd View Post

The green tinge I complain about with my Sony A2000 is not present with black and white material. My previous TV had the problem of green streaks in B&W material but my A2000 looks great with B&W.

With my A2000 some peoples faces are too green and soemtimes you see green in the shadows of faces.

I have same problem with my 50A2000. I have October build date. The green tinge is driving me crazy. The questio is, what can we do to correct it???

Pioneer, Rotel, Samsung, Dual, and all things Klipsch
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post #15 of 18 Old 03-26-2007, 08:45 AM
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I have the same problem. Has there been any news?

-Tony
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post #16 of 18 Old 03-26-2007, 08:53 AM
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sounds like a gray scale issue...either make the gray scale more blue and hide or get it calibrated to D65 gray.

There is also a chance of it being the Sony LCOS green blob issue. I have seen this 20-30 times now. The last time I saw it was on a GEN 2 XBR LCOS. It was mild but it was there.

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post #17 of 18 Old 03-26-2007, 01:11 PM
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I have the XBR2 and I don't think its the green blob issue. When I look at a black and white source the screen is quite homogeneous. It is also very close to D65. It has to be something else, I just don't know what.

-Tony
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post #18 of 18 Old 03-26-2007, 05:19 PM - Thread Starter
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Quote:
Originally Posted by holtzd View Post

...With my A2000 some peoples faces are too green and soemtimes you see green in the shadows of faces.

A few months ago, after reading an article that discussed how the iris affected color rendition in the Sony Pearl, I tuned to a channel notorious for greenish 5 o'clock shadows, paused an obvious example and started fiddling with my KDS-60A2000. To make a long story short, I found that the iris, green bias and white level controls interacted with each other with respect to the greenish 5 o'clock shadows. It took awhile, but IIRC, I basically ended up going from medium to auto-2 on the iris, cutting G-bias by a few steps and boosting white level a few steps relative to settings I had achieved using DVE, SpyderTV and InHD, etc.

"In theory, there is no difference between theory and practice. But in practice, there is." - Yogi Berra
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