The cable doesn't have any bearing on the support of specific resolutions or framerates.
If the cable has the bandwidth the signal without problem, and the devices support 1080p72, then you'll be fine.
Whether any given HDMI or DVI cable has the bandwidth at any given resolution and framerate depends entirely on the specific cable stock and the length of the cable.
There is no such thing as a cable that is "limited" to 1080p60 or any other particular resolution or framerate. Cables can't "support" or "not support" anything, they're just cables.