Sony 4K Handycam FDR-AX100 thread - Page 66 - AVS Forum
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post #1951 of 2816 Old 06-18-2014, 03:56 PM
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Originally Posted by markr041 View Post
..... (and that old Panasonic is really good).
I should have done it in 3D for you.
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post #1952 of 2816 Old 06-18-2014, 05:01 PM
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Ken, I am talking about the 4k version watched both in 4k and HD resolution. This is how I generally compare in such cases.
That's how I was comparing too. I see a big difference, particularly in the wide angle shots.
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post #1953 of 2816 Old 06-18-2014, 05:03 PM
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I forgot to smile. Shot it with the "old" SDT750.

https://vimeo.com/98583397

Watch it soon! It will get deleted before anyone else sees it!
Well that proves it, Bill! It does reduce the shakes. That video puts an end to the discussion.

A classic may I add?
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post #1954 of 2816 Old 06-18-2014, 05:07 PM
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Originally Posted by markr041 View Post
Here is a video testing the focus tracking performance of the AX100, with the new firmware. No human I know wants to be tracked, so we will have to settle for these pretty tests. I have done this before, and I can say that other cameras have failed the same tests. (e.g., those Sony NEX cameras):


https://vimeo.com/98581404
Impressive to say the least. But I wonder Mark, how much of an improvement the new firmware is in this regard. If I were smart I would have tried this before and after the upgrade.

I say this because I think the tracking pre-upgrade was pretty good.
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post #1955 of 2816 Old 06-18-2014, 05:07 PM
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Originally Posted by bsprague View Post
I should have done it in 3D for you.
We thank you for not doing that...much too scary, Bill.

Edit: All kidding aside, I bought the Benro monopod a few weeks ago and really like it. However with that said, we're traveling to Europe in September, and like Mark, I like to travel light and shoot spur of the moment. I'm just not sure about schlepping a monopod around Europe.

It's one thing grabbling it out of the trunk of the car, but actually carrying it all day, I'm just not sure yet.

Last edited by Ken Ross; 06-18-2014 at 05:10 PM.
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post #1956 of 2816 Old 06-18-2014, 05:24 PM
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Originally Posted by Eugene157 View Post
Chenderson, I followed your example and posted a 30 min version of our recent vacation trip to YouTube. I was born in Germany so most of those venues in your video look familiar.

I have the same problem holding the camera steady even though I always use both hands. I took a tripod along and was able to use it fairly often, especially for tele shots.

YouTube noticed the shakiness and offered to fix it but I declined. Did you have that done?. No. I don't ever notice any improvement.

There are some night shots in Shanghai and it is clear that the resolution is reduced but it should still qualify as full HD. Apparently some Chinese have not seen tall Caucasians so
my wife was constantly being mobbed. I think the AX100 does an excellent job of keeping the resolution and detail high in low light. The only place I noticed it reduced was in the video of the Hofbrauhaus in my video. There was some loss of detail.
Towards the end is a ride in the MAGLEV, a must see, especially two trains passing with a combined speed of 600 KM per hr.

Unfortunately the video suffers severely when motion is involved, witness the trip to the Great Wall in the beginning.

While in China the air quality was very bad, no sun no shadows visibility shortened by the smog. I noticed the smog in some shots.

And finally, how did you post the thumbnail to start the video? (well I found out) Did you notice that Youtube even allows you to import a jpeg to use as your thumbnail?
That ride with the man in the little motorbike powered buggy was exciting. I noticed very little of the rockiness that my video has in your video. I suppose you have steadier hands.

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ppTjO7HH0BE


Eugene
To me the AX100 seems to not want to stay level in my hands.
That was a great video.
Carl
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post #1957 of 2816 Old 06-18-2014, 05:34 PM
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Originally Posted by chenderson2 View Post
To me the AX100 seems to not want to stay level in my hands.
Carl
Turn on "Grid Lines" and you'll know right away if your tilting the camera.
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post #1958 of 2816 Old 06-18-2014, 05:35 PM
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Originally Posted by Ken Ross View Post
We thank you for not doing that...much too scary, Bill.

Edit: All kidding aside, I bought the Benro monopod a few weeks ago and really like it. However with that said, we're traveling to Europe in September, and like Mark, I like to travel light and shoot spur of the moment. I'm just not sure about schlepping a monopod around Europe.

It's one thing grabbling it out of the trunk of the car, but actually carrying it all day, I'm just not sure yet.
Amen. On my escorted trips, the bus drops you off in a city and picks you up at a later time. That would mean lugging the monopod (or tripod) around with you for long periods of time. I've got to find a way to steady the shots without using a tripod.
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post #1959 of 2816 Old 06-18-2014, 05:38 PM
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Originally Posted by Ken Ross View Post
Turn on "Grid Lines" and you'll know right away if your tilting the camera.
Oh, I'm aware that I'm doing it. I just can't seem to hold it still. Sitting down is about the only time I am able to keep it steady. And shooting with one hand - forget it!
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post #1960 of 2816 Old 06-18-2014, 06:08 PM
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Originally Posted by Ken Ross View Post
We thank you for not doing that...much too scary, Bill.

Edit: All kidding aside, I bought the Benro monopod a few weeks ago and really like it. However with that said, we're traveling to Europe in September, and like Mark, I like to travel light and shoot spur of the moment. I'm just not sure about schlepping a monopod around Europe.

It's one thing grabbling it out of the trunk of the car, but actually carrying it all day, I'm just not sure yet.
I travel with carry on only. My monopod all but disappears in my carry on bag in a corner. It is light carbon fiber, so weight hardly counts. On two trips to Europe and one to Mexico, it surprised me by providing a comfortable and balanced camera handle for when walking around. I found I liked it better than a strap wrapped around my neck.

I keep a snap clip on my belt and a loop on the monopod near the top end. If I need both hands for a few moments, like paying a bill

Check the birds through 38 seconds. The wiggles would have made these clips much worse. With the monopod in my armpit, they are usable. Unlike a tripod, I could move to aim.

On edit: I left the clip out! https://vimeo.com/84832972

For me, it is a choice between steadier or wigglier. I'm heading to Europe again this fall and a light monopod is going with me. I want steady footage. Mine is cheap enough that, if it does get in the way, I'll leave it behind in a hotel room.

Last edited by bsprague; 06-18-2014 at 06:38 PM.
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post #1961 of 2816 Old 06-18-2014, 06:37 PM
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Originally Posted by chenderson2 View Post
Amen. On my escorted trips, the bus drops you off in a city and picks you up at a later time. That would mean lugging the monopod (or tripod) around with you for long periods of time. I've got to find a way to steady the shots without using a tripod.
In the groups I get to travel with, a cane is not uncommon. Umbrellas can be plentiful. A 20" monopod disappears in the forest!

I'm on a campaign against the video wiggles here! Trust me, a short monopod stuck in your armpit works.
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post #1962 of 2816 Old 06-18-2014, 07:06 PM
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Originally Posted by leamas View Post
I know, I think enabling (if physically possible) 60p will kill their business a bit. Increasing the bitrate - I am not so sure they cannot do this - would be great. What can they also do is increasing the quality of HD recorded clips, they are not as detailed as the 4K ones downscaled to HD. Did you also check this on the latest firmware?
Agreed. Interestingly, in a local camera equipment convention in Yokohama, Japan, earlier this year, a Sony engineer sort of indicated an increase in the 4K bit rate to 100Mb('ish) unless I had misinterpreted him. However, given that Panasonic's GH4 can already shoot in 4K at 100Mbps, I don't think it's an unreasonable request. In fact, technologically and strategically, I think it is a right move for Sony. Since I already updated my AX100, I am afraid that I cannot directly compare the downscaled HD quality, pre and post update.
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post #1963 of 2816 Old 06-18-2014, 08:39 PM
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Originally Posted by chenderson2 View Post
Oh, I'm aware that I'm doing it. I just can't seem to hold it still. Sitting down is about the only time I am able to keep it steady. And shooting with one hand - forget it!
You should never shoot with one hand, period.
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post #1964 of 2816 Old 06-18-2014, 08:58 PM
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Originally Posted by bsprague View Post

For me, it is a choice between steadier or wigglier. I'm heading to Europe again this fall and a light monopod is going with me. I want steady footage. Mine is cheap enough that, if it does get in the way, I'll leave it behind in a hotel room.
You don't have to convince me of the benefits of a monopod, I've used them.

The Benro, with its flip out feet, is more stable than more typical monopods and is more a cross between tripod and monopod. It's also a very smooth panning & tilting monopod, but as a result, you pay the price in weight. At just about 3 lbs, it's not exactly light or tiny. Therein lies my problem.

I haven't had much success with the really light and small monopods. They don't seem to offer me much more stability than hand holding. But I'm OK at hand holding...not rock steady, but not overly jittery. Still not as good as a good monopod, or better yet, tripod.

Which monopod are you using, Bill?

BTW, one thing I find is almost a necessity for me, is a quick release plate. Unless you keep the device screwed to the cam's base all day, it's a pain in the butt to keep screwing and unscrewing the monopod. The quick release saves time & aggregation.
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post #1965 of 2816 Old 06-18-2014, 09:32 PM
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^
Of course a tripod is best. But, they conflict with tourist videography. They are awkward, bulky and slow down the spontaneity.

I have no argument that there are better monopods, for conventional monopod use. I don't do conventional. I assume the OIS is pretty good, but need some simple, cheap help.

I have no intention of putting the foot, flip out feet or Joe's fluid feet on the ground. That would slow the tourist flow.

I would not like my cheap monopod if I tried to use it like Manfroto thinks you should. I put my very cheap, throw away monopod foot in my armpit. A sawed off broom stick with a $10 ballhead would work for what I'm talking about.

You're a "pro" and know what a shoulder mount is about. All I'm suggesting is a tourist/amateur version of that.

Regarding the quick release, you are at fault. Until I invested in the GX7, my cameras were light enought to use a really cheap ballhead. I had to upgrade to a beefier ballhead for the extra weight of the GX7 (and 100-300 lens). Note that you may not remember it, but one day your wrote that you preferred the GX7 video to the GH3 video! Now, I am equipped with a ballhead using what I think is the "Arca Swiss" standard.

Regarding the current monopod, it is this one: http://www.amazon.com/Opteka-CFM200-...=opteka+cfm200. It was cheaper when I bought it.
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post #1966 of 2816 Old 06-18-2014, 11:50 PM
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Couldn't agree more. There have been numerous cases where a prosumer/consumer version of a camera did better in certain respects to the pro version.

Granted the pro version will give you more flexibility with adjustments, but that does not guarantee that things like resolution, color or low light will be better.

True Ken, but I've seen some demos on a Sony probably recorded by F55 / F65 cameras, they look spectacular, you don't even know what to look at first. Superb colors, big detail, everything looking like you would see it through a window, nothing that makes you thinking you see a picture in fact. Of course we are talking about a different level of shooting. And different budget.

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That's how I was comparing too. I see a big difference, particularly in the wide angle shots.
I will recheck my setup, I did that quickly and remember that I was not impressed much when changing resolution to 4K. However, I admit that I stay at about 3 meters distance to my TV, which is a bit too much for 65 inch diagonal, and I didn't go closer to the screen (it was a quick test).
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post #1967 of 2816 Old 06-19-2014, 07:19 AM
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Originally Posted by markr041 View Post
Here is a video testing the focus tracking performance of the AX100, with the new firmware. No human I know wants to be tracked, so we will have to settle for these pretty tests. I have done this before, and I can say that other cameras have failed the same tests. (e.g., those Sony NEX cameras):


https://vimeo.com/98581404
Mark,

I'm liking what I'm seeing...that was one of the larger irritations with this camera. If there was a busy background, it would tend to focus there. Now my only question is...how does it determine the desired subject? In the frames you have a fence in the foreground, flower middle, and contrasty stuff in the back, what if I wanted to focus on the fence instead of the flower?

I'll have to upgrade mine tonight and give it a go...
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post #1968 of 2816 Old 06-19-2014, 07:40 AM
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Mark,

I'm liking what I'm seeing...that was one of the larger irritations with this camera. If there was a busy background, it would tend to focus there. Now my only question is...how does it determine the desired subject? In the frames you have a fence in the foreground, flower middle, and contrasty stuff in the back, what if I wanted to focus on the fence instead of the flower?

I'll have to upgrade mine tonight and give it a go...

It's the magic of touch-screen focus. You just press on the lcd on the subject/object you want, no matter where it is in the frame. A small square box will appear there. And the focus will be maintained on the subject no matter where it moves (the focus box will stay with the subject). Since the box is visible while you shoot, you can see while shooting if the subject is being successfully tracked as it moves. This feature was there before the upgrade; presumably now it is more effective.


You can also do focus pulls this way, by placing your finger on different objects on the screen while shooting.
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post #1969 of 2816 Old 06-19-2014, 08:58 AM
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Originally Posted by leamas View Post
True Ken, but I've seen some demos on a Sony probably recorded by F55 / F65 cameras, they look spectacular, you don't even know what to look at first. Superb colors, big detail, everything looking like you would see it through a window, nothing that makes you thinking you see a picture in fact. Of course we are talking about a different level of shooting. And different budget.
But the 'looking through the window' effect is something I absolutely get with the AX100. Remember that much of the depth and 'live' look comes from both the acquisition device as well as the display device.
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post #1970 of 2816 Old 06-19-2014, 09:42 AM
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Note that you may not remember it, but one day your wrote that you preferred the GX7 video to the GH3 video! Now, I am equipped with a ballhead using what I think is the "Arca Swiss" standard.
I still feel that way, Bill! The GX7 produced some excellent video for me. You should send me the bill for the beefier ballhead. I'll file it away.
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Regarding the current monopod, it is this one: http://www.amazon.com/Opteka-CFM200-...=opteka+cfm200. It was cheaper when I bought it.
Thanks, Bill. I guess I'm still trying to understand how much stability this would add for a camcorder. The camcorder, with its different body style, might not behave the same way a DSLR type camera would. Since you hold a camcorder quite differently than a DSLR, I'm not sure if the results would be the same.

With that said, it might be worth a try as I already have a cheap monopod, but not a ballhead. Cheap ballheads with quick releases can be had for very little money.
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post #1971 of 2816 Old 06-19-2014, 09:44 AM
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But the 'looking through the window' effect is something I absolutely get with the AX100. Remember that much of the depth and 'live' look comes from both the acquisition device as well as the display device.

Of course. AX100 comes very close to reality. But when I looked at that video, I didn't even know what to study first. Maybe it wasn't sharper than AX100. But something (I cannot define that something) made me look at the TV like at a window. I got a very very pleasant feeling. I will manage to get that video if possible.


BTW please see this (and some related ones)


Great, isn't it?

Last edited by leamas; 06-19-2014 at 09:48 AM.
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post #1972 of 2816 Old 06-19-2014, 10:04 AM
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Chenderson,

Ken has a great point about turning on the grid lines. I do that all the time and it helps me keeping the camera steadier by referencing part of the grid line to some object the camera is pointing at.

Mentioned to my wife that she was on the internet and got an ear full in return, like "that camera makes me look old" etc so I had to take the video off. This reminds me, when I bought my first wide angle lens the argument was "this lens makes me look fat"! Trying to explain that that is not so does is fruitless.
When you are married you have to know your priorities.

Working on a shorter version with more emphasis on camera performance and w/o wife.

Eugene
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post #1973 of 2816 Old 06-19-2014, 10:46 AM
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[Q'UOTE=Ken Ross;25076090]That's how I was comparing too. I see a big difference, particularly in the wide angle shots.[/QUOTE]


Ken, I watched again, and I think the differences are small. Given the fact that you have a monitor and watch from closer, you notice them more. But in my opinion, it's not something that you say "wow". In regular scenes, the difference is very obvious and very pleasant. Here it's not something that I observe immediately.
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post #1974 of 2816 Old 06-19-2014, 01:32 PM
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Of course. AX100 comes very close to reality. But when I looked at that video, I didn't even know what to study first. Maybe it wasn't sharper than AX100. But something (I cannot define that something) made me look at the TV like at a window. I got a very very pleasant feeling. I will manage to get that video if possible.


BTW please see this (and some related ones)
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=kYQ8w7kxdDk


Great, isn't it?
Yes, it is great. Parts of this video were used in a Sony demo on their UHD TVs. I saw no mention of the actual camera used, but I may have missed it.

So, the only way to determine how whatever this camera was, compares to the AX100, is to have the two side by side, at the same location, at the same time.

Now with that said, I've put my material on these same Sony UHD TVs after watching demos just like this, and almost all watching agreed, they were very close in visual quality. In fact in some cases, viewers liked the look of my stuff better. Part of that could be because the sales people, having seen the same demo thousands of times, welcomed new material.

However I remember one shopper at a Sony Store, an experienced videographer, looking in disbelief at one of my videos on a Sony UHD TV and finding it very hard to believe it was shot by the camera he had come in to look at, the AX100. He kept staring at me thinking this was some scam. It's more a tribute to the camera rather than anything special I did.
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post #1975 of 2816 Old 06-19-2014, 01:54 PM
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Ken,

long time no talk....
Yes! that 2013 footage looks fabulous.
A little slow mo, some well placed jib work and short <3 seconds eye candies go a long way.

Oh, BTW. I got a GH4. Trying to also get the speedbooster adaptor for my Nikon lenses to use on it.
If we are lucky, will bring that along with the Sony AX100 to Hong Kong this summer, then Paris.



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Yes, it is great. Parts of this video were used in a Sony demo on their UHD TVs. I saw no mention of the actual camera used, but I may have missed it.

So, the only way to determine how whatever this camera was, compares to the AX100, is to have the two side by side, at the same location, at the same time.

Now with that said, I've put my material on these same Sony UHD TVs after watching demos just like this, and almost all watching agreed, they were very close in visual quality. In fact in some cases, viewers liked the look of my stuff better. Part of that could be because the sales people, having seen the same demo thousands of times, welcomed new material.

However I remember one shopper at a Sony Store, an experienced videographer, looking in disbelief at one of my videos on a Sony UHD TV and finding it very hard to believe it was shot by the camera he had come in to look at, the AX100. He kept staring at me thinking this was some scam. It's more a tribute to the camera rather than anything special I did.
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post #1976 of 2816 Old 06-19-2014, 02:15 PM
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Keep making that 4K content Billy for your UHD TV!
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post #1977 of 2816 Old 06-20-2014, 10:50 AM
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Well here is what all of you have been waiting for!

The camera was in the auto mode except during the night shots in Shanghai, there the gain was reduced to 15Db. In fact the camera is set to 15Db Max.

The scene of the Chinese women doing their laundry in the river was at max, 12x tele and I used post stabilization in PD12.

The Terra Cotta soldiers are mostly screen grabs, there were signs "no tripods" but there was such a crowd that I was constantly being jostled. The camera was set at
manual focus, infinity, because there was not enough contrast in the soldiers so the focus was constantly hunting. Fortunately the subjects were holding still.

In some scenes the limited 30P shows but it is a small price to pay. In fact not a problem when considering the frame rates of commercial optical discs. Because of the
additional data rate I doubt seriously that that 60P will ever be available for consumers,either internet, optical media or TV. The only application for 60P would be movie theaters.

I feel that that the steadiness of the shots is adequate, I can live with that. Any feed back on that subject would be much appreciated. BTW I bought a monopole and felt it was not that much help
when used in the normal manner. Nor that much weight saving.

The excellent video demonstrating its use under the armpit is something I have to play with.

my 2 cents worth.

It goes w/o saying that I was very glad that I bought and was able to get the camera in time. Its PQ certainly exceeded my expectations!
It will be around for some time.

Eugene


https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=sD1l...ture=youtu..be

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=sD1l...ture=youtu..be

Last edited by Eugene157; 06-20-2014 at 10:54 AM.
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post #1978 of 2816 Old 06-20-2014, 11:10 AM
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Well here is what all of you have been waiting for!

The camera was in the auto mode except during the night shots in Shanghai, there the gain was reduced to 15Db. In fact the camera is set to 15Db Max.

The scene of the Chinese women doing their laundry in the river was at max, 12x tele and I used post stabilization in PD12.

The Terra Cotta soldiers are mostly screen grabs, there were signs "no tripods" but there was such a crowd that I was constantly being jostled. The camera was set at
manual focus, infinity, because there was not enough contrast in the soldiers so the focus was constantly hunting. Fortunately the subjects were holding still.

In some scenes the limited 30P shows but it is a small price to pay. In fact not a problem when considering the frame rates of commercial optical discs. Because of the
additional data rate I doubt seriously that that 60P will ever be available for consumers,either internet, optical media or TV. The only application for 60P would be movie theaters.

I feel that that the steadiness of the shots is adequate, I can live with that. Any feed back on that subject would be much appreciated. BTW I bought a monopole and felt it was not that much help
when used in the normal manner. Nor that much weight saving.

The excellent video demonstrating its use under the armpit is something I have to play with.

my 2 cents worth.

It goes w/o saying that I was very glad that I bought and was able to get the camera in time. Its PQ certainly exceeded my expectations!
It will be around for some time.

Eugene


https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=sD1l...ture=youtu..be

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=sD1l...ture=youtu..be
Thanks for the folks posting some BEAUTIFUL videos using this camera. I have not had a ton of time to play with getting amazing video. We bought this camera to get some future-proof video of the kids, so I basically handed it off to my wife and tried to teach her the "easy" way to capture video; which basically entailed using the auto settings.

I know better, I come from a pretty strong video background but most of my experience is in DSLR, though I did have a Sony Z5U a few years back which I sold.

Watching some of the video she is shooting, it was obvious I needed to show her how to use the ND filters and lock the shutter at 1/60. Watching videos of the kids running around outside felt like watching "Saving Private Ryan" The last batch of stuff she shot looks great, much more natural.

Something I have noticed though and have read previously on here is how the camera tends to overexpose outdoors. I have noticed this too. Bright sunlight causes some pretty overexposed skin tones.

My question is this:

For the EASIEST way to teach my wife how to compensate for outdoor lighting, which setting should I be focused on having her adjust? AE shift or Exposure? I have read a few people saying outdoors, they use -.5 or -.7 AE shift outdoors to pleasing effect. Is this a good rule?

I set the manual button to AE shift, so I am hoping simply directing her to press the button when she is outside and keep it at -.7 should help solve some of the overexposure issues. Teaching her how to use zebras would be a bit too much I think at this point.

Can anyone share any insights about the AE shift settings they use to get proper highlights outdoors?

Thanks much!!

P.S. FANTASTIC videos Eugene. Fascinating to watch and beautifully shot!

Last edited by DrDeano; 06-20-2014 at 11:15 AM.
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post #1979 of 2816 Old 06-20-2014, 12:04 PM
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I have noticed the same problem when shooting here in SOCAL. 1/2 a stop is about max, I found more than that will noticeably reduce the overall brightness of the video. I do use Zebra stripes at 90 % and try to use auto exposure mostly, accepting some minor white clipping that usually goes unnoticed by most viewers. Only when it gets out of hand as judged by the zebra will I reduce the exposure.

this was not a problem in China, the air was so bad that the sun was unable to create highlights, we hardly had a shadow. They are killing themselves over there.

as I mentioned I try to use the auto setting mostly, having found that many times the camera will do a better visual job than me.

A DSLR camera user, having more dynamic range available, might also be more critical.


I hope that answer was helpful, Ken was the first to point this out, he has more knowledge on that subject.

Eugene

Last edited by Eugene157; 06-20-2014 at 12:09 PM.
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post #1980 of 2816 Old 06-20-2014, 12:41 PM
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Quote:
Originally Posted by DrDeano View Post
Thanks for the folks posting some BEAUTIFUL videos using this camera. I have not had a ton of time to play with getting amazing video. We bought this camera to get some future-proof video of the kids, so I basically handed it off to my wife and tried to teach her the "easy" way to capture video; which basically entailed using the auto settings.

I know better, I come from a pretty strong video background but most of my experience is in DSLR, though I did have a Sony Z5U a few years back which I sold.

Watching some of the video she is shooting, it was obvious I needed to show her how to use the ND filters and lock the shutter at 1/60. Watching videos of the kids running around outside felt like watching "Saving Private Ryan" The last batch of stuff she shot looks great, much more natural.

Something I have noticed though and have read previously on here is how the camera tends to overexpose outdoors. I have noticed this too. Bright sunlight causes some pretty overexposed skin tones.

My question is this:

For the EASIEST way to teach my wife how to compensate for outdoor lighting, which setting should I be focused on having her adjust? AE shift or Exposure? I have read a few people saying outdoors, they use -.5 or -.7 AE shift outdoors to pleasing effect. Is this a good rule?

I set the manual button to AE shift, so I am hoping simply directing her to press the button when she is outside and keep it at -.7 should help solve some of the overexposure issues. Teaching her how to use zebras would be a bit too much I think at this point.

Can anyone share any insights about the AE shift settings they use to get proper highlights outdoors?

Thanks much!!

P.S. FANTASTIC videos Eugene. Fascinating to watch and beautifully shot!

You did the correct thing - shoot with fixed shutter (1/60th) and auto iris and gain; manipulate exposure with AE shift. Once the dial is set for manual AE shift the manual button does not have to be pressed again. So all your wife has to do is rotate the dial. And -.5 and -.7 are about right in bright sun (but not the beach, where you may need +.5). There is no substitute, though, for looking through the viewfinder or at the LCD to judge exposure, with zebras.


Using the ND's at 1/60th shutter is critical in bright light. The camera will prompt for the correct ND in ND manual mode. Do not use auto ND, which limits the ND filters to none and 1 (2 and 3 are not used). In bright sunlight I often need ND 3.
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