Originally Posted by yorkshiretea
Many thanks for the helpful replies. I'm just about to watch the video.
A word about terminology. AIUI, from the previous comments, a "hot shoe" is not the same as an external microphone socket. I was reliying on this definition from Which? - "If the camcorder has an input (sometimes called a hot shoe) an external mic can be added for better sound quality."
What is the difference between a "hot shoe" and a "cold shoe"? Is a "cold shoe" able to take generic external microphones and other devices whereas "hot shoes" can only take devices from the company that manufactured the camcorder?
I don't need the projector. What I would like to do is to interview people both inside and outside from a reasonable distance (e.g. across a room) and have decent audio.
Two questions, if I may: a) what camcorder in the £500 range would you suggest to achieve this goal. b) how would you recommend I set-up the audio? Is a wireless microphone the best way? How does the camcorder integrate with the wireless microphone?
A hot shoe is one with an electrical contact, sometimes used when camera manufacturer accessories are used. Or found on digital stills cameras for mounting a flashgun.
A cold shoe has no contacts so any power is supplied by batteries.
Pro cameras will usually have XLR mic sockets and consumer cameras have a 3.5mm socket usually highlighted by a red socket surround.
If you buy the Sony you will have the projector unless you go to the top of the range hdr-cx900 or fdr-ax100.
Now microphone wise you need to think of what is known as proximity affect, so as you get further from a microphone the weaker and more brittle the sound will be.
For a single person adding something like the Samson Airline Micro to your bag will make all the difference, this is a rechargeable battery wireless system worn by the person talking. multi channel and multi transmitter kits cost a small fortune.
You could also run a separate recorder with multiple microphone setup, but this will be a costly option as you will need more than one mic possibly for the group then any cables and stands etc.
You say you will be interviewing people, will you want your own voice recorded too? If so my last point comes into play. Therefore.
Have a look at the Zoom H4n which has recently been replaced by the 6n. They both have XLR inputs and headphone outs for monitoring and record to SD cards. I should add that both of these have built in microphones. That my cover your needs. Most voice recordings for video are recorded in mono.
But don't buy cheap mics as they tend to have higher self noise(hiss) though this can often be removed in audio editing software like Magix music maker and using some EQ.
I hope this helps and you understand what I have said, anything just shout and I will try to help.