: This is a living document. Consult the Changelog at the end of this post for any updates moving forward.INTRODUCTION
This is the procedure I follow to install Ubuntu 10.10/10.04.x and Xubuntu 11.04 from the boot liveCD with preferred media apps and most known audio/video codecs on a new media PC build, or desktop/office/general purpose OS install from scratch with plenty of desktop/office apps to complete your new Ubuntu PC.
Includes Java, Flash, Adobe and FoxIt PDF Readers, MP3 encoding/decoding, DVD (decrypting, DeCSS) and playback with menus and authoring, the current LibreOffice - the whole 10 yards. I wouldn't short change ya
This is a painstaking click by click, option by option step through, so even Windows refugees can follow it
Minimal terminal window
use- just copy/paste a few lines when needed, just enough to at least be exposed to the terminal as a reminder that you still have control of your own computer
. At most, you will right click to open a terminal window, then triple click on each terminal command line in this procedure, then use the middle mouse button (scroll wheel button) to paste the line into the terminal window, then Enter- you don't even need to explicitly use "Copy" and "Paste" commands. Like "texting" to your computer
This procedure may be "dumbed down" for some of you experienced in Linux or OS installations, but it is meant for Linux noobs or people who may have installed Windows from scratch but not Linux.
At minimum, it's a nice checklist/reminder list of what a media PC/general purpose PC needs when installing from scratch, regardless of your experience level.
You can print a nice formatted copy of this thread to use while motoring through the install/setup without a browser open. Use the "Thread Tools" drop down at the top right of this thread, next to the "Search this Thread" menu.
This procedure is what is required to get a PC up to "water level" from a boot liveCD install disk, which start below "water level", equivalent to what I used to do years ago installing XP Pro from its install boot CD, which also didn't have all the plugins, addons, codecs, media/DVD players and audio/video apps needed from scratch. Windows was actually worse because there were no default worthwhile apps, drivers or Office suite on the typical install CD. I don't know the state of Vista or Win7 when installed from their boot CD from scratch, and don't plan to try them.
Following this procedure, you will end up with a HTPC load functionally superior to the last XP Pro HTPC loads I used through late 2007.
You don't need to do all of this in one sitting, but the total process should only take an hour or less (not counting download times), less time than it would take downloading and installing similar codecs, apps, updates, drivers, and patches, plus de-crapifying a typical Windows load (assuming you bought a retail PC with Windows preinstalled, filled with useless trialware, adware and borderline malware) .Assumptions
* 32bit "i386" version of the base Ubuntu with Gnome (10.10/10.04.x) or Xubuntu with XFCE (11.04+). If you know why you want 64bit or another desktop like KDE, LXDE, etc, then you don't need this procedure
* You have an internet connection faster than dialup, as all the updates and software installs occur via net downloads. It may be doable with dialup assuming you do each step over night for a couple of weeks
* All your hardware is supported by Ubuntu 10.10/10.04 or Xubuntu 11.04+, i.e. hardware driver support/compatibility "out of the box". You will have to do the research- Google, ubuntuforums.com, these forums, newegg.com user product reviews, etc- to find out if your motherboard, sound chip, GPU, Ethernet chip, wifi card, etc are supported by Ubuntu 10.10 or 10.04 or Xubuntu 11.04+. Start another thread if you have driver-specific issues. This procedure is meant for known-Linux compatible (or at least Ubuntu/Xubuntu compatible) hardware. Don't let this put you off- most common PC's and motherboard components released through early Q1 2010 should work fine with Ubuntu 10.04.x, or through Q2 2010 for 10.10 or Q4 2010 for X/Ubuntu 11.04. WiFi PCI/PCIe cards and USB adapters that are Linux compatible are cheap and easy to find at the newegg.com's and geek.com's of the world now (use the Customer Reviews or specs to check Linux/Ubuntu compatibility), as well as PCI/USB sound cards and low cost Nvidia PCI/PCIe video cards, if needed to resolve a compatibility or performance issue. For HTPC hardware selection and build issues, seeLinux Motherboard Recommendationshttp://www.avsforum.com/avs-vb/showthread.php?t=1167988Guide to Building a HD HTPChttp://www.avsforum.com/avs-vb/showthread.php?t=940972Media HTPC IR and RF keyboardshttp://www.avsforum.com/avs-vb/showthread.php?t=1108400HOWTO: Make a coax SPDIF output brackethttp://www.avsforum.com/avs-vb/showthread.php?t=997533
* Installing Ubuntu as the only OS on the PC- I don't dual boot Windows, though I do multi-boot several Linux's for testing/evaluation purposes. Until you are experienced, I recommend using an old spare hard disk or buy another hard disk to install Ubuntu, without disturbing your current OS hard disk- unless you don't mind overwriting and destroying your current OS load, quite cathartic and therapeutic for long time Windows users
.Note on LinuxMint
While I admire the work of the Linux Mint (based on Ubuntu) guys, I have been disappointed with the last couple of releases (Mint 8 and earlier)- misc glitches/bugs and even though they include Flash and some codecs, you still need to install/update a large portion of what is documented here, so you may as well stick with the base Ubuntu, IMO. I have not tried Mint 9,10 or 11 yet, which may have redeemed itself based on my experience with Ubuntu 10.04+and Xubuntu 11.04
Mint Debian Editions may be an interesting alternative to Ubuntu moving forward if needed.
For a Media Center
frontend with "10 foot interface", a MythTV install on top of the base Ubuntu install is available in the second post of this thread. This procedure also includes XBMC, another excellent Media Center front end.
If you follow this procedure all the way through, you will have gained experience in all the common methods for installing software in Ubuntu and other Debian based Linux's- repositories (PPA's), .deb point/click installer packages, Synaptic and basic copy/paste terminal use- all except compiling, which is usually just typing "make" then "sudo make install" or similar basic terminal commands.
This procedure should be similar for future Ubuntu versions and/or other Debian based Linuxes, so motoring through this for Ubuntu should enable you to handle future Debian-derived Linux's. Specific details will change, of course, based on GUI/dialog changes and other improvements moving forward.
For a map/"family tree" of most known Linux's, showing which ones are Debian related, see:http://futurist.se/gldt/
Click on PNG (bitmap) or SVG (scalable)
Debian compatible versions of Linux *should* be able to share .debs for point and click installation, in general (there are always exceptions), and have compatible sources to compile and repositories, as well as sharing the same filesystem structure and conventions - mountpoints, system file locations, nomenclature, etc.
You will have also gained experience in hard disk partitioning and imaging, two fundamental skills in PC building and OS installation, maintenance and security.
I believe it is complete- if something is missing, I probably just forgot to write it. There may be typos or other errors/omissions we can correct going forward.
Don't be intimidated by the terminology at this point- PPA's, Synaptic, repositories, etc. Just motor through this procedure in sequence and you'll "get it" by the end...BEGIN INSTALL PROCEDUREDownload and burn Ubuntu 10.04.x or 10.10 or Xubuntu 11.04 liveCDhttp://releases.ubuntu.com/10.04/http://releases.ubuntu.com/10.10/http://www.xubuntu.org/get#natty
the .iso you downloaded with md5sum in the terminal before burning:https://help.ubuntu.com/community/HowToMD5SUMBurn
at no greater than 8x-16x speed on Verbatim blank CD-R, or other 1st Class media rated at:http://www.digitalfaq.com/reviews/dvd-media.htm
for .iso burning HOWTOPartition drive before installing Ubuntu with Parted Magic
You can also use these (dated) instructions belowhttps://help.ubuntu.com/community/HowtoPartition
to partition during the install wizard, though I recommend the Parted Magic Method:Parted Magic method:http://partedmagic.com/download.html
, extract the .zip file and burn the .iso to a blank CD like the Ubuntu liveCD you did earlier.
(Version is updated every month or two, X.Y = 6.1 as of 5/19/11)WARNING- Resizing any existing partition (OS or data/storage) may destroy the OS or data and make your PC unbootable! Backup your OS partition with Clonezilla (FOSS), Ghost or Acronis TruImage before doing ANY partition work
Clonezilla HOWTO:http://www.avsforum.com/avs-vb/showthread.php?t=1237128Boot with Parted Magic CD
You may have to go into your PC BIOs at startup to make your PC boot from CD- this varies by BIOs/motherboard/PC make/model, consult the manual for your motherboard/PC, usually available as a pdf from the manufacturers/OEM's website. Set the Boot order to CD/DVD first- if you have more than one optical drive, be aware which is bootable first, then Save Changes, insert CD into your bootable CD/DVD drive and reboot.
-> Run from RAM
-> Xvesa mode (if asked- don't need to know what Xvesa means, just pick it)
Click on the Partition Editor
icon on the left.
Create the following partitions. You may have to first Resize your current OS partition to make room:
To create a partition:
-> right click on available empty space in the hard drive partition map (long bar) graphic at the top of the window
1) OS / partition (also called the root partition) less than or equal to 30GB
This is the partition for Ubuntu install, mount to / (root).
Make this sda1, the first partition you create in order, on the left.
2) swap partition 1.5-2x installed RAM size
3) rest of free space for Data/storage partition (downloads/video/audio files and recordings, data created from apps, Clonezilla backup images, etc)
I revised my recommended partitioning above to only 3 partitions- OS (/), swap, and data. No need for a dedicated backup Image partition since I switched to Clonezilla from Ghost/Acronis. The last versions of Ghost/Acronis I used could not write to ext3/4 partitions, plus the images they write are locked in proprietary containers and Ghost/Acronis aren't FOSS, i.e. aren't free speech.
I HIGHLY recommend partitioning this way (/, swap, data- three partitions) to enforce separation of the OS/apps/drivers/settings (all on /) from user generated data- files you create/download, etc.
The reason for this is basic system maintenance down the road. Keeping the OS root partition less than 30GB makes it easy to image the OS for backup, restore an OS image if something goes wrong, or install a new version on Ubuntu (or other Linux) on top of the old one, or on another partition or drive, without touching your data or image backups on the data partition.
Yes, most apps default to saving files to /home/$username/Music (or Pictures, Documents, etc), just like Documents and Settings or My Documents on Windows. But saving user data/files to the same partition as the OS and apps is just Bad practice, regardless of OS. If you save 100GB+ of your data files to /home, then imaging the OS / partition (Where /home resides) will be difficult and pointless.
Yes, you can assign /home to its own partition, but that introduces another round of complexity when trying to image the OS for use on another machine, or even restoring the OS / partition on the same PC later.
Treat the /home directory as simply a directory of settings, like a pseudo-Registry for app and user settings, many of which are in hidden files and directories in /home. Save any files and data to another partition. Capiche?
I like to make a label for each partition:
-> right click on each partition
Label the OS (root, /) partition 'ubuntu1004', the swap partition 'swap', and 'data' (or similar) for the storage partition.
Apply changes (it chugs through the changes you defined)
-> exit Partition editor
-> shutdown from the menu in the Parted Magic GUI ("Start" menu).Install Ubuntu from bootable LiveCD
You may have to go into your PC BIOs at startup to make your PC boot from CD- this varies by BIOs/motherboard/PC make/model, consult the manual for your motherboard/PC, usually available as a pdf from the manufacturers/OEM's website. Set the Boot order to CD/DVD first- if you have more than one optical drive, be aware which is bootable first- then Save Changes, insert Ubuntu CD into your bootable CD/DVD drive and reboot.
It will take about 2 minutes to boot the liveCD to the Install wizard screenInstall wizard10.04
(Install dialog should appear)
Click "Install Ubuntu 10.04 LTS" button
Click on world map graphic to select your city for timezone, or use pulldowns > Region > Timezone > Forward
Keyboard layout -> Suggested: USA (or your preference) -> ForwardPartitioner
Specify Partitions manually (advanced)-> Forward
-> (Scanning discs)
(WARNING: "Automatic" install will erase what is on your hard drive, destroying your current OS and/or data!
-> Right click on empty OS partition (sda1 or whatever partition you want to use) created earlier in Parted Magic (should be left-most partition)
-> Change... (near bottom)
-> (Leave "New Partition Size in Megabytes" alone, do not change)
-> Use as: ext3 or ext4 journaling file system
-> Check "format partition"- not really needed because we formatted in Parted Magic, but doesn't hurt.
-> Mount point (pulldown)
-> (Swap created in Parted Magic will be automatically used by the OS, no need to select.)
-> "What is your name?" (enter a username)
-> "What name do you want login?" (same as above)
I use a generic user account name 'user1' or similar, as then it is easy to use the OS image for someone else, another machine, etc.
-> Choose password -> (type password for account 'user1')
-> What is the name of this computer? (I use 'ubuntu1010' or 'htpc1', 'htpc_den', etc)
-> Log in Automatically
(personal preference- you may use a password, which you'll have to enter every time the PC boots)
(password complexity warning if applicable)
-> ("Installing System..." dialog appears)
-> (Wait until "Installation Complete" dialog box appears.)
-> Restart Now
-> (Remove CD when ejected, close tray)
-> (Your PC should reboot and boot from the hard disc with your new Ubuntu OS.)
-> (ignore the grub menu message)
-> (Your PC should continue booting to the Ubuntu desktop)10.10
>(Select language on left) English
>Install Ubuntu (right button)
>"Preparing to Install Ubuntu"
> check "Download updates while installing" (reduces number of updates later)
> check "Install this third party software (install Flash during initial setup)
> Boot loader dialog > Device for boot loader installation > (select sda or whatever drive you'd like the grub2 bootloader installed to- remember: sda, sdb, sdc, etc are devices
, sda1, sda2, sdb3 are partitions
> Install now
> "Where are You?"
> click on world map for your city/timezone
> "Copying files"
> "Ready when You are"
> "Keyboard Layout" > USA > USA >Forward
> "Who Are You?"
> enter name > enter a computer name > pick a username > enter password twice
> installs OS
> "Install Complete"
> ejects CD > Enter >(System restarts)
First time at desktop, install All automatic Updates, which should popup from the taskbar/system tray within a minute or two, or go to:
System->Administration-> Update Manager and Apply all updates.
You need to enter the password you created in the setup for the user account to install the Updates.
You need an Internet connection for this.
Note: there may be a button to upgrade to 10.10 or later- ignore.
Popup asks to restart now or later, pick now.
Applying updates takes time, depending on your ISP speed.
Ignore the Restricted Drivers popup for now.
After updates are installed, reboot.
>Shows Grub boot list with Ubuntu as default when booting after restart
If it doesn't boot, be sure to check your PC's BIOs for the hard disk boot order/ device boot priorityVideo Driver Install
At minimum, you want an ATI, Intel or Nvidia video chip (GPU)- these are supported with the simple point and click Hardware Drivers applet in Ubuntu. Any GPU other than ATI, Intel or Nvidia is unsupported by this procedure.NOTE: I HIGHLY recommend upgrading to an Nvidia 8200/8300/8400GS/Ion/210/220/240 video card or motherboard, which offer the best video playback performance and driver support under linux.
These Nvidia GPU's support VDPAU for hardware accelerated playback of x/h264/VC1 and mpeg4 ASP/xvid/divx (GT2xx cards) encoded video:Video codecs
According to forum member tux99, recent vintage Intel GPU's play streaming Flash video smoother and without tearing vs. Nvidia or ATI.
So, as of 9/24/10 it appears the GPU hierarchy for Linux/Ubuntu use are Nvidia (non-Flash playback), then Intel (streaming Flash video) then ATI.
With AMD's (ATI) open source policies, things may change in the coming months/year. If AMD adds a VDPAU equivalent to their drivers, then AMD/ATI GPU's could move to the top pick for Linux use.
In the meantime, the best option is probably to use a VDPAU enabled GPU plus a quad core CPU to cover both x264 1080p playback and HD Flash streaming, respectively.
As of 12/2010, it appears the latest Flash beta for Linux may include VDPAU, reinforcing Nvidia as the current top pick GPU for Linux.http://www.avsforum.com/avs-vb/showthread.php?t=1294618
Upon return to the desktop after reboot,
>(select "Recommended" driver)
(Recommended driver could be : ATI/AMD proprietary FGLRX graphics driver, Nvidia driver or Intel, depending on the video chip in your PC)
> Activate -> (enter user password)
> ("Downloading and installing driver")
> ("You need to restart the computer...")
> Close-> upper right taskbar
> username pulldown/power icon -> Restart -> RestartDisable Compiz desktop compositing effects
Desktop 3D effects interfere with smooth video playback, i.e. tearing, etc, the point of a media PC. Turn them off.
System>Preferences>Appearance>Visual Effects>None>CloseDisable Auto Updates
Applying updates later can break a working system. We are going to turn them off. No need to fear security issues/etc- the benefit of waiting several months after the OS release is that most of the important/big patches/updates/security issues have already been fixed, and we've applied them all earlier You will be secure enough for at least a year, when you'll want the latest release distro anyways
-> Update manager
-> (uncheck Check for Updates)
-> Show New distribution releases -> Never (pulldown)
-> Startup Applications
-> Startup Programs
-> (scroll down)
-> Update Notifier-> (uncheck)
-> CloseAdd right click Open in Terminal context menu pick
Linux Mint has this by default. It allows you to right click in a Nautilus ("Windows Explorer") window to open a terminal in the folder/directory you are currently browsing with the GUI, which makes subsequent steps using the terminal in this procedure easier. Just open a Nautilus window where you want the terminal window and right click to open one in that directory.
in System>Administration>Synaptic Package Manager > (enter password)> (Quick search "nautilus-open-terminal" no quotes) > (right click on nautilus-open-terminal)> Mark for Installation >Apply (upper left) >Apply > (quit /close Synaptic)Web BrowserWeb Security and Privacy
Install the following Add ons:
(Just click the big 'Add to Firefox' or 'Install' button on each Addon page)
With NoScript enabled, many sites won't appear to function until you Allow them with the little NoScript "S" icon in the lower right corner of the browser window. You only need to Allow them once, and NoScript will remmeber the next time you visit the site.
Similarly, for Flashblock, right click the "Play" button on a Flash object to "Allow Flash" for that site permanently.Adobe Flash & PDF Reader
Unfortunately, the web is currently almost useless without Flash- until HTML5/CSS3/SVG/AJAX/etc. replaces a good portion of its functionality. So you need to install Flash.
No issues with Flash based web apps like Ancestry.com per my wife's testing
There are many good free (speech and/or beer) PDF readers out there, but the Adobe PDF Reader ensures you can read all those problem pdf's and documents with complicated forms, the annoying corner cases and encrypted PDF's that don't render well in anything but Adobe Reader.
Fortunately, the current Adobe Linux PDF Reader is less bloated and faster than the current Windows Adobe Reader (security issues notwithstanding). The following method uses .deb installer packages. Flash and Adobe Reader can also be installed with the new Ubuntu Software Center (USC), but I've found that the versions may be outdated in USC by a release or two.
> Download > Adobe Reader on middle right
> "Do You Have a Different Language or Operating System?"
> Step 1> "Select an operating system" pulldown > Linux
> Step 2> Select a Language pulldown > English
> Step 3> Select "Adobe Reader 9.4.2 for Linux (.deb)" (as of 8/19/2011) > Download Now
The .deb should download to the Downloads folder. Double click the .deb file > opens Ubuntu Software Center > Install10.04.x
> Download> Adobe Flash Player (mid right)
> Different operating system or browser?
> Step 1 > Select an operating system > Linux
> Step 2 > Select a version > Flash Player for Ubuntu (apt)
> Download Now
Open With Ubuntu Software Center and Install.10.10
: Flash is already installed during CD installation wizard if you chose to during the install process.
You may install Flash and Reader with the .deb/apt method above in Ubuntu versions 10.04/10.10/11.04
If you don't want Adobe Reader and/or want a faster option, use FoxIt
Simply download the .deb installer and double click from the Firefox download manager window or whever you saved the .deb, default is the /home/Downloads folder.http://www.foxitsoftware.com/downloa...810_linux.html
Make Foxit the default PDF reader:
> (right click on any .PDF file on your computer)
>Open With tab
> (select FoxitReader)
Or use Sumatra PDF reader under Wine (Wine Install procedure below)http://blog.kowalczyk.info/software/...pdf/index.htmlhttp://appdb.winehq.org/objectManage...estingId=20118
No problem having all three PDF readers installed Add Spell Check Dictionary to Firefox
Apparently, Firefox in the base 10.04 load doesn't have the dictionary installed.
Right click in any editable field (like Edit mode in an avsforum post
) and select Add Dictionary, select your language in the mozilla.org tab that comes up and Add to Firefox.Audio/Video Apps and CodecsJava/MP3 and other copyrighted/patented/non free-speech stuff
System -> Administration -> Synaptic Package Manager
-> (enter user password)
-> Quick search "restricted"
-> right click ubuntu-restricted-extras
-> Mark for installation
-> Mark -> Apply -> Apply
-> (Changes Applied)
Do the same Synaptic procedure, but Quick Search "sun-java6-plugin" and install. Check the box to accept the license and Forward
Or, in the terminal for each major desktop environment:
sudo apt-get install ubuntu-restricted-extras sun-java6-plugin
sudo apt-get install xubuntu-restricted-extras sun-java6-plugin
sudo apt-get install kubuntu-restricted-extras sun-java6-plugin
Synaptic is like an "App Store" (for Apple fanbois
), except all the apps are free- most speech, all beer Restricted (i.e.non free-speech) Audio/Video codecs- DVD CSS, wmv, etc:
or right mouse click on the Desktop or Nautilus window > Open in Terminal
and copy (triple click on the line)/paste (middle mouse/mouse wheel button) and Enter each line below
(enter user password if requested , copy/paste everything between the tags, without the
sudo wget --output-document=/etc/apt/sources.list.d/medibuntu.list http://www.medibuntu.org/sources.list.d/$
(lsb_release -cs).list && sudo apt-get --quiet update && sudo apt-get --yes --quiet --allow-unauthenticated install medibuntu-keyring && sudo apt-get --quiet update
sudo apt-get install libdvdcss2
sudo apt-get install w32codecsAudio/Music players/manager Apps
The default music manager/player, Rhythmbox, appears to be an excellent iTunes alternative, with similar layout, menu structure and iPod management. The version included with Ubuntu 10.04.1 is 0.12.8. Ubuntu 10.10 has v0.13.1 already installed.
Update to the latest (0.13.1 as of 9/15/10), copy/paste each line in a Terminal:
sudo add-apt-repository ppa:webupd8team/rhythmbox
sudo apt-get update
then go to System>Administration>Update Manager and Check for updates manually per the dialog. The latest Rythmbox should appear in the list, along with probably other random updates. Click the Install Updates button. You may want to make a backup image (see Clonezilla HOWTO) of your OS partition before applying the updates, depending on how many and their complexity. Or you could uncheck all updates except the Rhythmbox related picks before Installing to be sure nothing else is affected.Install current version of Banshee
Banshee is a media management and playback application for the GNOME desktop, allowing users to import audio from CDs, search their library, create playlists of selections of their library, sync music to/from iPods and other media devices, play and manage video files and burn selections to a CD.
Type the following lines into a terminal window to add the Banshee PPA and install the Banshee app in Ubuntu 10.04-10.10 and 11.04.
|sudo add-apt-repository ppa:banshee-team/ppa
sudo apt-get update
sudo apt-get install banshee
to your Repositories list in Synaptic per prior examples, then Search Synaptic, install.
Other music manager/player apps to try-http://www.clementine-player.org/
Just download .deb for your Ubuntu version and double click to install:http://www.clementine-player.org/downloads
In Synaptic, search/install audacious
(Winamp Classic 2.x clone), audacity
(audio editor/recorder) for audio playing/editing. IN the terminal;
sudo apt-get install audacious audacity
Try the Decibel
audio players if you used foobar2000
or, just use foobar2000 under Wine-http://appdb.winehq.org/objectManage...sion&iId=18689
NOTE: It appears that recent RubyRipper releases are broken, resulting in very slow CD rips. I am using Asunder until Ruby Ripper is fixed. Install "asunder" from Synaptic, terminal or Ubuntu Software Center. RubyRipper install kept below for reference.
For Audio CD ripping/MP3/Flac encoding
, it's tough to beat Ruby Ripper
RubyRipper is the EAC of Linux (for Win folks)http://ubuntuforums.org/showthread.php?t=799621&page=16
copy/paste the following text into the terminal and hit enter:10.04:
sudo add-apt-repository ppa:aheck/ppa
This should prompt you for your password.
sudo apt-get update
sudo apt-get install rubyripper10.10:
Download and double click this .debhttps://launchpad.net/~ferramroberto...ck~ppa_all.deb
Enable SPDIF Output on your Soundcard
Needed to allow Dolby Digital/DTS and PCM audio to pass to your processor or receiver via Coax or Optical SPDIF. If you don't know what SPDIF is and/or plan to simply use analog audio, you don't need to do this.
(left click on Speaker icon in task bar systray, upper right)
-> Sound Preferences
-> Hardware tab
-> Profile dropdown list
-> (select Digital audio /IEC958 option)
If you need a coax SPDIF output bracket, build one-http://www.avsforum.com/avs-vb/showthread.php?t=997533Video media players
Best DVD disc/VIDEO_TS player on Linux
Install from terminal:
sudo apt-get install vlc
Or Search vlc in Synaptic or USC
If you want to use VLC for non-Flash web video streaming, install the browser plugin in the terminal:
sudo apt-get install mozilla-plugin-vlcSMPlayer
is the MPC (Media Player Classic) of Linuxhttp://smplayer.sourceforge.net/downloads.php
Install SMplayer and the mplayer backend SMplayer uses:mplayer backend media player
Add the mplayer repo:
(link for reference only)https://launchpad.net/~rvm/+archive/mplayer
into System>Administration>Synaptic Package Manager>(Enter your user account password)>Settings>Repositories>Other Software>+Add>(paste)>+Add Source>Close>Reload (icon upper left)
or in the terminal
sudo add-apt-repository ppa:rvm/mplayer
sudo apt-get update
Do the same for the smplayer
sudo add-apt-repository ppa:rvm/smplayer
sudo apt-get update
Then Search Synaptic for "smplayer" and install or in the terminal:
sudo apt-get install smplayer
This automatically installs mplayer, as SMplayer
is dependant on mplayer
and apt/Synaptic handles dependencies for you.Ubuntu 10.10:
Just install "smplayer" from Synaptic/terminal/USC. It is current as of 5/30/2011.DVD Authoring
Search for each in Synaptic/USC or download .debs (their Homepages or Google)
and QDVD Author- try 'em all and stick with the one(s) you like.http://qdvdauthor.sourceforge.net/
I formerly used Tmpeg DVD Author 1.6.x on XP and in Wine, but have switched to DeVeDe, DVD Styler and Avidemux to convert random video files to DVD MPEG2 compatible files.
For DVD transcoding (shrinking) or re-encoding to xvid/x264, install (Synaptic or .debs)
Handbrake (xvid/x264 mkv encoding)http://handbrake.fr/downloads.php
mvPod - convert videos to .avi/.mkv/etchttp://sourceforge.net/projects/mvpod/
DVDfab Decrypter (install like any Win app after installing Wine, below)http://www.dvdfab.com/download.htmVideo editing/capture
install from Synaptic/USC/debs:
(Note: you may Mark for Installation all these before Applying/installing)
Click "Install this now" athttp://www.getdeb.net/software/Avidemux
|Ubuntu Natty (11.04), Ubuntu Maverick(10.10), Ubuntu Lucid (10.04), Ubuntu Karmic (9.10)
Versions of Kdenlive in official repositories are deprecated. It is strongly recommended to install Kdenlive 0.8 packages using Sunab's alternative repository:
1. go to System Menu > Software Sources > Third-Party Software (9.10) or
System Menu > Administration > Software Sources > Other Software (10.04, 10.10, 11.04);
2. click add and paste this line in:
3. close software source and click reload.
Then click the reload button of synaptic and install Kdenlive package.
If you want to use the command line instead of Synaptic, copy/paste this one line:
sudo add-apt-repository ppa:sunab/kdenlive-release && sudo apt-get update && sudo apt-get install kdenlive
Install kino in Synaptic/USC
open Movie Editorhttp://www.openmovieeditor.org/
Kino appears best for DV cam capture over Firewire, while Pitivi and Avidemux are best for basic editing jobs, and Kdenlive has improved greatly with DVD authoring.
Install K3B (Synaptic, USC) for an alternative CD/DVD burning tool if you don't like Brasero, pre-installed with Ubuntu. K3B is Nero-like.
Install Video app son the terminal:
sudo apt-get install k3b kino openshot avidemux openmovieeditor
If you used Nero for Windows, NeroLinux is excellent
(commercial- doesn't hurt to support companies doing good things for Linux):http://www.nero.com/enu/linux4.htmlPhoto/image Management/Viewers
Many users like digikam, f-spot, Shotwell orgThumb for photo viewing/management/simple edits, all in Synaptic/Ubuntu Software Center
More picture viewers/slideshow apps:
In Synaptic, install geeqie, gthumb, gqview, gpicview, gimageview, ristretto and mirage- try them all and see which image viewer/photo manager you like.Gthumb
is now the default in Mint, replacing f-spot/shotwell, so give Gthumb a try for photo management.Darktable
is an Adobe Lightroom alternative, the Syanptic or PPAhttp://www.darktable.org/https://launchpad.net/~pmjdebruijn/+...ktable-releaseDesktop/Office Apps
In Synaptic, Ubuntu Software Center, or download .debs:App -> Commercial Equivalent
Dia -> Visio
Inkscape-> Adobe Illustrator
mtpaint, rgbpaint, krita-> MS Paint/ older Paint Shop Pro
Pinta-> Paint.net http://pinta-project.com/
gimp -> Photoshop
xsane -> scanner app much better than the Win bloatware included with HP and other scanners since around 2000
In the terminal:
Install LibeOffice in Ubuntu 10.04/10.10
|sudo apt-get install dia scribus inkscape krita mtpaint rgbpaint pinta xsane gimp thunderbird
You need an Office Suite on your HTPC to view/edit random spreadsheets/.docs/.xls's/.ppt's, etc floating around on avsforums and elsewhere. Many HT related spreadsheet based calculators/tables are available.
Unless you know why you want/need OpenOffice, you should switch to LibreOffice, which will be the Ubuntu/Mint default starting with 11.04/Mint 11
|LibreOffice 3.3.0, announced on Tuesday, is the first milestone release of the open-source productivity suite from The Document Foundation since it split from the Oracle-led OpenOffice consortium in September. The release brings new features as well as popular options found in OpenOffice 3.3, according to the foundation.
Among the new features in LibreOffice 3.3 are the ability to import and work with SVG graphics files, and easier formatting and navigation tools when using Writer, the word-processing component of the package. There are also bundled extensions for importing PDFs, making slide-show presentations and other tasks.
Remove OpenOffice from a terminal window:
|sudo apt-get purge openoffice*.*
then install current LibreOffice (3.3.2 as of 5/30/2011) in the terminal window:
sudo add-apt-repository ppa:libreoffice/ppa && sudo apt-get update && sudo apt-get install libreoffice
If you want to integrate in to your desktop enviroment (Gnome/KDE look/feel) use one of the following:
(the default look is a Windows 9x-ish/XP appearance, which some MS Office 97/XP/2003 refugees may prefer )
For GNOME users
sudo apt-get install libreoffice-gnome
For KDE Users
sudo apt-get install libreoffice-kde
is a top torrent clienthttp://deluge-torrent.org/
Add this PPA via the terminal or Synaptic as before
then update or Reload, then install. For the terminal:
|sudo add-apt-repository ppa:deluge-team/ppa && sudo apt-get update && sudo apt-get install deluge
The && symbols allow the separate commands to be chanied together in one line- saves some copy/pasting
While in Synaptic, remove the default torrent client, Transmission
(Use Search, then right click , Mark for Complete Removal, Apply)Pidgin Instant Messengerhttp://www.pidgin.im/Pidgin
is an easy to use and free chat client used by millions. Connect to AIM, MSN, Yahoo, and more chat networks all at once.
You may prefer it over Empathy, the IM client included with Ubuntu 10.04.
Supported chat networks:
AIM Bonjour Gadu-Gadu Google Talk Groupwise ICQ IRC MSN MXit MySpaceIM QQ SILC SIMPLE Sametime XMPP Yahoo! Zephyrhttp://www.pidgin.im/download/ubuntu/
|Ubuntu ships Pidgin but does not update it after a release (except for security issues and high-severity bugs). For those users who desire new releases of Pidgin, we have packaged Pidgin in a PPA. If you encounter problems with these packages, try building from source and report the bug.
To setup the PPA, follow these steps:
1. Click to download the Pidgin PPA package.
2. Select Open with: and GDebi Package Installer. Click OK.
3. Click Install Package.
4. Click Close. Then close GDebi.
After doing this, check for and apply updates:
1. Click System, point to Administration, and click Update Manager.
2. Click Check.
3. Click Install Updates.
Future Pidgin updates will show up in Update Manager along with the usual Ubuntu updates.
This PPA often lags behind the source releases a couple of days, so please be patient.
Voice and video support is only built on Jaunty (9.04) and up.
Download the Ubuntu 8.10+ 32-bit .deb and double click to installhttp://www.skype.com/intl/en-us/get-...post-download/Desktop EnvironmentOptional: Google Gadgetshttp://code.google.com/p/google-gadgets-for-linux/
Install "google-gadgets-gtk" in Synaptic.
Google gadgets gives you desktop widget "apps", like the desktop widgets/gadgets in OSX or Win7/Vista or Plasmoids on KDE.http://www.winsupersite.com/win7/ff_gadgets.asp
They could be calculators, dictionaries, snow globes, weather apps like WeatherBug, clocks, games, etc- lots to choose from in a systray menu or sidebar, which can be hidden.
OPTIONAL- Mint style color schemes
If you want the Mint "look" for your Ubuntu load, use the Shiki-WIse theme, part of the shiki-colors package in Synaptic- install "shiki-colors"https://launchpad.net/ubuntu/lucid/+...iki-wise-theme
I highly recommend installing shiki-colors- doesn't hurt, and gives you seven more cool themes to choose in System>Preferences>Appearance>ThemeOPTIONAL: Install Gnome-Do
If you want the Start menu Search functionality of Win7, or QuickSilver functionality of OSXhttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Quicksilver_%28software%29
then install Gnome-Dohttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/GNOME_Dohttp://do.davebsd.com/
Applications > Ubuntu Software Center > (use Search field, upper right with magnifier icon, "gnome-do" without quotes) > (search results below, select GNOME Do) > InstallOPTIONAL: Install a dock/launcher
As docks and dock like launchers are currently in style, try Docky or cairo-dock in Synaptic or Ubuntu Software Center.
While Docky appears excellent from my brief testing, the big drawback is that docky requires compositing enabled (at least Normal Visual Effects in System>Preferences>Appearance). We disabled compositing earlier to eliminate any video playback issues. You can always enable/disable Visual Effects as needed, and exit Docky. Docky is a real full blown dock with drag/drop, shows running apps, etc.
If you prefer the OSX dock, then try cairo-dock, also called glx-dock (openGL version)http://www.glx-dock.org/
I am currently playing with cairo-dock and really like it (11/2010)
Cairo/Glx-dock requires compositing (Desktop Effects) to be enabled, too.
If you want a "dock" with animated icons without requiring Visual Effects enabled, use wbar
Wbar is not a "dock", but a simple app launcher- still gives you that OSX look http://code.google.com/p/wbar/http://www.linux.com/archive/articles/128982
To make it easy to modify wbar- add/remove icons, change the order, install wbarconf from the .deb athttp://www.ihku.biz/wbarconf/
Another dock option is SimDock
, which also doesn't require compositing and has the ability to add/remove icons withut extra tools-http://sourceforge.net/projects/simdock/
The most Win7like Dockbar I've found is DockbarXhttp://gnome-look.org/content/show.p...content=101604
Install with PPA athttps://launchpad.net/~dockbar-main/+archive/ppa
Install Ubuntu Tweak
|Q: Why do you want to make Linux into a Microsoft Windows 7 clone?
A: I don't. The goal of DockbarX isn't to be a clone of the Windows 7 task bar. Windows 7 task bar has a good principle, though. When it comes to your most used programs it's more productive to do all window handling - launching, selecting, closing, etc. from the same few pixels. If I need a Firefox window I move my mouse cursor to the same spot on the screen regardless of which Firefox window I want and or if I even have opened a Firefox window yet. This behavior is good and it would be stupid not to implement it just because "Windows had it first". Don't reduce your productivity out of stubbornness. When it comes to looks, it's up to you to choose a theme that looks like windows 7 or a theme that doesn't look that way.
Here are some historical references about docks:
And another interesting link that has had quite a bit of influence on my work with DockbarX:
Just download the .deb and double clickhttps://launchpad.net/ubuntu-tweak/+downloadhttp://ubuntu-tweak.com/
Ubuntu tweak makes it easy to change registry-like settings such as showing the Trash, Computer, Network icons on the desktop, and many other GUI and system settings. Installs to Applications> System ToolsMake Ctl-Alt-Del bring up System Monitor (like Windows Task Manager)
This is optional, but it has become a "standard" for people coming from Windows
->(click on Ctrl+alt+Delete)
->(press Backspace key on your keyboard)
-> "Disabled" is shown
->Name: ThreeFingerSalute (or whatever you want to call it
->Apply ->(click on shortcut column)
->(press Ctrl, Alt, Delete keys on your keyboard at the same time)
You may want to assign Ctrl-End keys to the logout/Shutdown shortcut. Repeat procedure above.Media Center Front end with 10ft GUI
If you want a 10' "media center" style interface for photos, music, videos, etc, the easiest/best bet right now is XBMC, assuming you don't have TV tuners to control and record with. Tuner control and recording are handled by MythTV (Mythbuntu on Ubuntu), which can be installed alongside XBMC. A separate guide will cover MythTV installation on top on Ubuntu.http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/10-foot_user_interface
Now that you are an expert at adding repositories and installing via Synaptic
, just follow the instructions athttp://wiki.xbmc.org/?title=HOW-TO_i...n_step-by-step
Cited here for convenience:
How to install XBMC in Ubuntu 10.10 (Maverick)http://ubuntuforums.org/showthread.php?t=1596133
|Installing XBMC Ubuntu 9.10 and 10.04
If you are using Ubuntu 9.10 or higher, you have the option of a more streamlined install. Load the terminal window and issue the following:
sudo apt-get install python-software-properties pkg-config
sudo add-apt-repository ppa:team-xbmc
sudo apt-get update
sudo apt-get install xbmc xbmc-standalone
sudo apt-get update
You do not need to add the XBMC Repo nor the PPA Keys. XBMC is already installed. To have content, go to Adding the XBMC SVN Repo Installer (not to be confused with XBMC Repo below).
If you get an error with message "E: Broken package" while doing this, please go to the System menu, then Administration, then Software Sources and check the "Community-maintained open Source software (universe)" and "Software restricted by copyright or legal issues (multiverse)" checkboxes and apply the changes.
For NVidia hardware acceleration (VDPAU) in Ubuntu 10.04 install the following packages:
sudo apt-get install libvdpau1 nvidia-185-libvdpau
Adding the XBMC Repo
Adding the XBMC Repo tells your system where to look for xbmc for installation and future updates
From the Desktop, click System -> Administration -> Software Sources.
Click the "Third Party Software" tab.
Click "Add" for each of the following. For the Apt line type the following, substituting "jaunty" for your version:
deb http://ppa.launchpad.net/team-xbmc/ppa/ubuntu jaunty main
deb-src http://ppa.launchpad.net/team-xbmc/ppa/ubuntu jaunty main
Click "Close". If you see a GPG Error upon closing the window, not to worry. That will be handled in the next step.
Adding PPA Keys
These packages are signed with a unique key for added security. Synaptic needs to know this key in order to verify the packages' authenticity.
Click here to view the PGP key
Select the text from the beginning of the keyblock to the end (including those lines)
Copy that text to the clipboard (Edit -> Copy)
Open your text editor from Applications -> Text Editor.
Paste the key contents (Edit -> Paste)
Save the document in your home folder as xbmc-ppa.key
Reopen Software Sources, this time choosing the "Authentication" tab.
Click "Import Key File" and choose the newly created xbmc-ppa.key and press OK.
You can also combine all these steps into a single command-line command:
sudo apt-key adv --recv-keys --keyserver keyserver.ubuntu.com 0x6d975c4791e7ee5e
Now that the repo and key have been added, install XBMC like any other program.
Click System -> Administration -> Synaptic Package Manager
Search for "xbmc"
Mark xbmc and xbmc-standalone for installation and mark additional changes when prompted.
Click "Apply" and agree to the changes after reading them.
XBMC is now installed and ready for use.
|There is lots of confusing information on how to get XBMC installed. I took some of the information from http://wiki.xbmc.org/index.php?title...rmic_or_higher and figured out how to make it work in Ubuntu 10.10:
Start by running this command:
sudo add-apt-repository ppa:team-xbmc
Now click on System->Administration->Synaptic Package Manager->Settings->Repositories->Other Software.
Select the first ppa for team-xbmc, then click on "Edit..."
Change the Distribution to "lucid". Click OK.
Select the 2nd ppa for team-xbmc, and make the same the same change to "lucid".
Reload the packages, and then install "xbmc" as well as "xbmc-standalone". If you want to use the command-line instead of Synaptic Package Manager to do this, here are the relevant commands:
sudo apt-get update
sudo apt-get install xbmc xbmc-standalone
You should now have XBMC in Applications->Sound & Video->XBMC Media Center.
There are 100's (probably 1000's) of free games for Linux, and many commercial ones.
If you count all the games that work under Linux-native console, arcade and DOS emulators (SNES/Genesis/PS1/N64/3DO/Mame/freeDOS/DOSbox, etc), the number of games you can run under Linux goes over 10,000.
Browse Synaptic -> Games and Amusement
or the Ubuntu Software Center (recommended, nicer GUI interface)
Applications> Ubuntu Software Center > Get Software Games
or download the .debs athttp://www.playdeb.net/updates/ubuntu/10.04/
and point/click to install.
Browse the Linux gaming thread for other ideas-http://www.avsforum.com/avs-vb/showthread.php?t=1124112Install current Wine
Wine lets you run many Windows apps in Linux. Search the Wine appdb to find which apps work under Wine and how well- many apps run well enough to get the job done, with minor glitches or quirks.http://appdb.winehq.org/
The version in Synaptic is always a couple of versions behind the current one in the Wine repository.
Follow instructions athttp://www.winehq.org/download/deb
which should be simple, as you are now familiar with adding repositories
Cited here for convenience:
|Adding the WineHQ Repository:
Open the Software Sources menu by going to System->Administration->Software Sources. Then select the Other Software tab and click Add.
Then, copy and paste the line below.
or, in the terminal:
sudo add-apt-repository ppa:ubuntu-wine/ppa && sudo apt-get update && sudo apt-get install wine1.3
Once Wine is installed, you install Windows apps by just double clicking their setup.exe, install.msi, etc- you may have to right click on the installer and select "Open with Other Application..." and pick Wine in the list to associate .exe's with Wine
Currently, I use DVDFab, IMGBurn, DVD Shrink, and IrfanView regularly. Also Print Shop 6.x and Paint Shop 7.x occasionally, though the latest GIMP is replacing the Paint Shop, and Scribus can do many of the page layout/desktop publishing stuff the old Print Shop did.
AVISynth, hdtv2mpeg2, and virtualdub all work under Wine, too.
...and of course, Windows games
Wives/Moms/aunts/kids are addicted to Gamehouse/Popcap style (Flash-like, though most don't actually use Flash) games- over 85% (maybe higher) of the 100's of Popcap/Gamehouse games I've tried work fine under Wine.
Online web based Flash/Java games like popcap.com, Runescape, and other web games listed in the Linux Games sticky thread work fine without Wine in Linux native Flash/Java, of course.
Winehq.com links are provided because some apps need tweaks or specific install methods to work under Wine, documented in the comments for each app at Winehq, usually only a few extra clicks in the Wine config GUI or adding a different .dll file easily found on the web or linked in the Winehq comments (DVDShrink and Irfanview)DVD Shrinkhttp://appdb.winehq.org/objectManage...rsion&iId=2230http://www.afterdawn.com/software/cd...dvd_shrink.cfmDVDFabhttp://appdb.winehq.org/objectManage...sion&iId=17590http://www.dvdfab.com/download.htmIMGBurnhttp://appdb.winehq.org/objectManage...sion&iId=17431http://www.imgburn.com/Irfanviewhttp://appdb.winehq.org/objectManage...rsion&iId=7834http://www.irfanview.com/
Top Windows games compatible with Winehttp://appdb.winehq.org/
Some apps need specific Wine settings and/or tweaks to work under Wine. For these apps and games that won't run well with a simple point and click on their *.exe/.msi installer, try PlayonLinux- use Ubuntu .deb installer athttp://www.playonlinux.com/en/
WineTricks is included with the Wine v1.3x install, in the WIne menu, and appears easier to use than PlayOnLinux for installing random .dll's and Win apps that need special configuration. WineTricks handles the installation of these problem apps for you.Make an OS partition backup image
After doing all this, you probably want to image the OS partition for backup purposes, to easily restore it to the same state in case your hard disk fails, an update or software install breaks something, etc.
Also good to replicate the load across other machines in your house or for friends/family members- you don't want to have to do all of this for each and every machine. Just *Try* this with different make/models PC's/motherboards with Windows, and have fun with a day full of reboots, driver installs, WGA and Authentication, etc - if it works at all You do not need to do the following if you plan to only use the image to restore on the same hardware you made the image from:
BEFORE making a backup image, go to System->Admin->Hardware Drivers and de-activate any proprietary video driver. If you restore to another machine with a different brand GPU (ATI vs Nvidia, for example), the wrong proprietary driver pre-installed will muck things up. After restoring the image, simply Activate the appropriate video driver in Hardware Drivers after first boot.
Use Clonezilla, Beginner mode and it steps you through a wizard.http://clonezilla.org/
120211- Removed Picasa, k9copy, added Darktable
110819- Updated Intro and downloads for Xubuntu 11.04
110819- Updated Adobe Reader/Flash install procedure
110726- Cleaned up some terminal commandlines and simplified Wine install
110711- Added Clementine music player/manager (iTunes/Rythmbox/Banshee) alternative)
110710- Added DockbarX dockbar applet for Gnome
110710- Updated video editing apps section with links and install procedures
110707- Added back Banshee install to remain in sync with current Ubuntu/Mint releases.
110530- Removed OpenOffice update procedure- only need LibreOffice now
110530- Added Gthumb comment for default photo manager/viewer/simple editor
110530- Updated SMplayer for 10.10, and Asunder for RubyRipper
110515- Updated VLC (videloan) section due to PPA repository changes
110224- Removed Banshee recommendation due to Mono/MS/Novell issues-http://techrights.org/2010/10/30/dot...unity-promise/
110215- Updated for LibreOffice 3.3.x
101220- Updated Rubyripper with Maverick 10.10 .deb
101217- Added video codecs Wikipedia link and Flash VDPAU comment and discussion link. Updated PlayonLinux comment
101208- Added PlayonLinux comment and link. Updated Banshee coment and added Xnoise.
101208- Added justification comments for 3 partition minimum
101207- Added XBMC install procedure for 10.10
101201- Spelling and formatting fixes.
101129- Updated entire procedure for 10.10, first pass. Added misc apps, cairo-dock option, etc
100924- Rearranged the Introduction, added Assumptions and hardware/build links, moved Changelog and reordered several sections
100924- Added VDPAU comments and links
100924- Added right mouse click terminal comment at first terminal use for ubuntu-restricted-extras
100922- Added Simdock option, wbarconf for wbar dock, and shiki-colors comments
100921- Clarified terminal window use extent in Introduction
100921- Moved nautilus-open-terminal up front to make it available throughout procedure for terminal use
100921- Added Gnome Do, win7 Start menu Search/OSX Quicksilver equivalent
100921- Rearranged Desktop/Office Apps section, grouping related items, improved formatting
100921- Moved browser security/privacy section up front to ensure privacy/security during install process. Added NoScript comment.
100921- Updated formatting, fixed some spelling, changed order with new "Desktop Environment" section
100915- Added Rhythmbox 0.13.1 update
100913- Add Firefox spell check dictionary
100913- Added Ubuntu Tweak app
100913- Added Docky and wbar dock/launchers app options
100913- Added right click context menu terminal open pick nautilus-open-terminal
100913- Added Openoffice v3.2.1 update procedure
100911- Updated FoxIt PDF Reader install with simple .deb download and click method
ubuntu904procedure.pdf 175.9072265625k . file