Originally Posted by JDiNicola15
I have a 1080p HDTV and pretty much only play Blu-Ray discs and Netflix. It's been driving me insane but what are the best video settings when watching?
TV Aspect Ratio [ 4:3 Letterbox | 4:3 Pan & Scan | 16:9 Wide | 16:9 Wide/Auto ]
Output Resolution [ Auto | 1080p | 1080i | 720p | 480p/576p | 480i/576i | Source Direct ]
1080p24 Output [ Auto | On | Off ]
I'd appreciate any advise.
Start by reading the Manual to get some idea what these settings actually do. Then also glance through the FAQ and Wiki (see links at the top of the first post of this thread) for additional explanation.
There is no substitute for spending some quality time with a good video calibration disc, such as Spears & Munsil, Blu-ray, to check that your choice of settings in the player and the display are working well for you, and to make any necessary adjustments. But what I'm going to do now is give you a STARTING POINT. These are settings you can safely use with any modern, 1080p, HDMI display -- along with a modern, HDMI AVR -- which likely won't be far off from "correct" and will give you a good way to begin.
(Another good disc to get is AIX Audio Calibration, Blu-ray, which you can use to verify your audio setup is working as it is supposed to.)IN THE DISPLAY
Most modern displays remember settings on a "per input" basis, so you will need to make settings adjustments for the input you are using from the Oppo.
Look for a "picture mode" with a name like Movies or Cinema and set that. If there's more than one setting like that, the one you want is likely the one that seems to produce the darkest and softest picture. It is important to start here as many modern displays make settings adjustments in the background based on the picture mode you choose which can not be completely corrected using the other user settings.
Look for a "color temperature" setting and pick the choice that corresponds to 6500K. If you are lucky, your display's manual will tell you which one that is. If not, look for a choice labeled Warm. Check the owner's thread for your display if there's more than one Warm choice and the Manual doesn't tell you which is which.
Disable the various video "enhancement" features in your display for this input. This would include things like "flesh tone correction", "automatic gain control", "motion smoothing" and their ilk. All of these attempt to hide problems in crappy content and mostly just get in the way when playing good content as from Blu-ray discs.
Look for a setting in your display that allows it to show a 1080p picture all the way out to the edge pixels -- with no pixels lost on the edges.
Finally, be aware that even having done the above, the DEFAULT video levels settings in your display (Brightness, Contrast, Color, Tint, Sharpness, and Gamma) are almost certainly INCORRECT for best quality viewing. They will be CLOSER in the Movies picture mode than in some other choices, but still are likely to be incorrect. You need to use a calibration disc to find the right settings. TV makers do this to make their TVs stand out better under garish store lighting conditions. Contrast (which controls white levels) is almost certainly too high, as is Sharpness (edge enhancement of vertical lines). Gamma (the response curve between black and white) is likely to be too low.
But again, this is just a starting point. NOTE: When it comes times to correct your video levels, do the adjustments IN THE DISPLAY. Not in the player or AVR.
Modern digital Displays are FAR MORE sensitive to correct calibration than older TVs. That is, the difference between "nearly right" and "right" in the combo of video levels settings is likely to be much more dramatic than you are likely use to from older TVs. The point is, time spent getting the video calibration nailed with something like the Spears & Munsil disc will pay off handsomely in improved quality you really can see. Also consider getting a professional in to do a full-blown video calibration adjustment of your set using test tools.
This is EVEN MORE important if you like to view SD content such as SD-DVDs. There is no margin for error when viewing SD content. Any error in the video setup and calibration will likely be noticed. HD content as from Blu-ray discs is more forgiving in this regard. Proper video calibration of your Display is the single most important factor in viewing pleasure.
Also be aware that if you've never used a properly calibrated TV before, the "correct" results are likely to strike you as darker, softer, and less color saturated than you are used to. Jot down your "original" settings, give the "correct" settings some viewing time and periodically switch back to your "originals" to see the difference. In short order you will learn that the "correct" settings REALLY DO look better than what you previously THOUGHT was right.
------------------------------------------------IN THE AVR -- (IF RUNNING VIDEO THROUGH THE AVR TO YOUR DISPLAY)
Check to see what settings your AVR has for adjusting video input from the different Source devices and for establishing the video output to your Display. UNLIKE the case with your Display, it is likely that the factory default settings in the AVR are the correct ones to use, at least to start. For settings that adjust how the AVR reacts to video input, leave "AUTO" settings in place. For settings that set the video output to your Display, it is best to pick explicit settings instead of Auto.
So start by setting the AVR's video output to 1080p, YCbCr 4:4:4, and Deep Color 36 Bit. Again, these are starting point settings. You may end up adjusting them later as you start exploring what's really happening with your video.
Alternatively, your AVR may have a "video pass through" setting which acts pretty much like the player was directly connected to the TV for video.
-----------------------------------------------------IN THE OPPO
The Oppo has two HDMI outputs. HDMI 1 is the connector in the middle of the back panel. If only using one cable, use HDMI 1. If using two cables, be sure the video connection to your display is coming from HDMI 1. Use HDMI 2 for audio to your AVR.
In Setup > Video Setup, leave ALL of the Picture Adjustment settings in the Oppo at the factory default (0) values. The Oppo puts out reference level HDMI signals with Picture Adjustment set that way. When it comes time to adjust your video levels with a calibration disc, try to make all the adjustments using ONLY the settings in your Display.
In Setup > Video Setup:
1) Set Resolution 1080p (not Auto and not Source Direct).
2) Set Primary Output HDMI 1
3) Set HDMI Options > HDMI 1 Color Space YCbCr 4:4:4
4) Set HDMI Options > HDMI 1 Deep Color 36 Bit (If your display can't accept that, the HDMI handshake will automatically use Deep Color OFF instead.)
5) Set TV System NTSC in North America or PAL in Europe (Only use Multi if you know your Display accepts both.)
6) Set 1080p/24 Auto (If your display can't accept that, the HDMI handshake will automatically use 1080p/24 OFF instead.)
7) Set 3D Mode Auto (Set TV Size correctly if you have a 3D TV)
8) Set TV Aspect Rato 16:9 Wide/Auto. With this setting, the Oppo will output everything as 16:9 -- with pillar box bars added automatically when playing 4:3 content to pad that 4:3 content out to the wider 16:9 output shape. Your AVR and Display will only see 16:9 video coming from the Oppo and so any "aspect ratio" controls in them should be doing nothing.
In Setup > Audio Format Setup
1) Set Secondary Audio ON
2) Set HDMI Audio LPCM
(The correct settings for SACD Output and HDCD Decoding depend on details of your AVR. The "safe" settings to start are SACD Output PCM and HDCD Decoding OFF.)
In Setup > Audio Processing
1) Set Dynamic Range Control OFF
Other settings can safely be left at factory default values until you discover a reason to change any of them.
Again, the above are not "the right settings". They are "the starting point settings". Use these until you have time to start exploring/tweaking to improve the video and audio of the player when used with your particular AVR and Display.
To give you an idea on the sort of tweaking I'm talking about, check out this post I just made in the Oppo 95 thread today:http://www.avsforum.com/avs-vb/showt...1#post21676091