Originally Posted by markr041
1. The Rode mic is mono. That's not a good idea for recording music, even for a single instrument, especially one like a piano.
2. There are no audio levels to set; the Sony uses AGC. So, there is no dynamic range, or overloading. The agc will work also with an external mic plugged in.
3. The H1 is not a mic, it is a portable recording device that has mics built in.
The Sony camcorders are bad choices for recording any music because you cannot defeat the agc - quiet passages, including silences, are pumped up, and loud sounds are leveled down. Awful for music with real dynamics, and a piano has plenty. Panasonic, JVC and Canon all allow manual settings of audio.
A stereo shotgun mic is best, given you will not be near the stage.
The H1 will work much better than a shotgun, I use the H1 for bands and percussion all the time.
Get close to the talent when using the H1 to minimise echo (delay, reverb etc) and to maximise the stereo sound field. I sometimes place the H1 on it's own tripod close up, as it is also a audio recorder, and then film where I want to.
Shotguns are best outside, where reflective surfaces are absent. It is the reflections that kill your sound quality - ie, turns it to muffled mud.
The problem with using a using a shotgun inside; eg, the rear reflection, directly behind the talent will be picked up perfectly by the shotgun (is on axis), but delayed, out of phase, and frequency coloured by the reflective surface - ie the recorded sound will be a mixed muddle of direct sound and reflected sound - ie relatively bad.
When any reflective surfaces are present, (nearly always the case inside), always use use close miking - the Zoom H1 is the best value here.
If the budget will extend, the Sony PCM-D50 is also 24-bit/96kHz, and is the best sounding portable recorder I have ever heard. The PCM-D50 records a second stereo track 20dB down, and this is substituted for the main track if any clipping occurs - clever, eh? http://www.bhphotovideo.com/c/produc..._Portable.html
Up close miking will also give the best stereo sound stage - due to triangulation.