Originally Posted by Broncosojia
Does the Basic settings work well enough?
I mean do I need to use the advanced settings?
The Misc Patterns basically allow you to check for different issues that wouldn't necessarily show up with the items in Basic Settings. The following are the first things that come to mind:
Color Clipping - If you're setting contrast high enough to be clipping gray near 235, rather than nearer 254, it would probably be a decent idea to check where the colors are clipping. The flashing pattern named something like RGB High Clipping can be used to check where the colors run out, similar to the Basic Settings patterns for contrast. If the colors are clipping below 235 then it would probably make sense to lower contrast.
Gamma - For new users this is probably easier to measure than to check by eye, but it is possible to do a simple gamma check with the bars pattern (color and grayscale). Begin with contrast set somewhat low, and begin turning up contrast. As white gets brighter the difference between adjacent bars should slightly increase. What you want to watch for is if the bar at white (235) begins to blend with the bar below white, or if the step up in brightness from one bar to the next drops, at high contrast settings. Displays that are able to clip near 235 will probably have more of a tendency for gamma to drop near white (bars near white begin to blend together) than displays that clip nearer 254.
Banding - The shadow of the snake in the lower picture at http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Posterization
shows an extreme example of this possible effect. Some displays, possibly LCDs more than others, may tend toward banding at high contrast settings. You can use the grayscale ramp to look for banding. Begin with a low contrast setting, and begin turning up contrast. Watch for any tendency towards the effect shown in the link at higher contrast settings.
Scaling - The resolution patterns can be used to check if the display is receiving and displaying an unscaled 1080p signal.