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Adelphia X rated movies

1728 Views 3 Replies 4 Participants Last post by  Steve Mehs
Isn't it true that their really is no such thing as XXX ratings. I thought the MPAA only recognized X, and the porn industry added the additional XX for marketing. When in fact, their could potentially be the same content in an X.

Now I have noticed that porn from some providers removes the ahem....... money shot. But their is no difference in ratings designations

WHo has the answer?
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 A Brief History of Movie Ratings

Early Beginnings

In the early 1900s, as motion pictures became popular, people in many cities began to raise their concerns about the content of movies. In 1907, Chicago was the first city to create a board to regulate films. By 1929, as many as 100 cities and towns had passed censorship laws.

The entertainment industry reacted, preferring self-regulation to government interference. As a result, in 1922, the Motion Picture Producers and Distributors Association (MPPDA) was founded, led by Will Hays. At first, the MPPDA created a list of "do's and don'ts " that members agreed to follow, thus holding off from having any form of censorship from cities and towns.

However, the invention of "talking movies" created further situations in which some type of regulation was being demanded. On March 31, 1930, the MPPDA agreed to new production guidelines known to this day as the "Hays Production Code." The code laid out in specific detail what was and what was not considered appropriate content. Some of the overriding principles included:

* No picture shall be produced that lowers the moral standards of those who see it. Hence the sympathy of the audience should never be thrown to the side of crime, wrongdoing, evil or sin.

* Correct standards of life, subject only to the requirements of drama and entertainment, shall be presented.

* Law, natural or human, shall not be ridiculed, nor shall sympathy be created for its violation.

Changes in the Standards in the 1960s

The Hays Production Code remained in place until the mid-1960's. By then, social values had dramatically changed and the code was considered out of step with the times. In the summer of 1966, amidst a more open and frank mentality permeating society, three incidents occurred that added pressure to change the old system of stringent movie-making guidelines.

* Within weeks of becoming President of the Motion Picture Association of America (MPAA), Jack Valenti had to decide what to do about the release of "Who's Afraid of Virginia Woolf?" This film would have been the first time that blatant sexual language such as the word "screw" and the phrase "hump the hostess" would be used onscreen. The MPAA required that the word "screw" be deleted, but decided the film could use the "hump the hostess" phrase.

* A few months later, the MGM studio was preparing to release the Michelangelo Antonioni film "Blow-Up." This was the first time a major distributor attempted to market a film containing actual nudity. However, the Production Code Administration in California denied giving the film their standard Hays Production Code seal of approval. To go around this, MGM decided to distribute the film through a subsidiary company, effectively disregarding the voluntary agreement that MPAA member companies would not distribute films without the seal of approval. The MPAA realized that it now had to determine how to deal with a serious breakdown in their self-regulation policy.

* Meanwhile, in April 1968, the U.S. Supreme Court upheld the constitutional power of states and cities to prevent the exposure of children to books and films deemed inappropriate according to their own local standards. This put further pressure on the MPAA to determine how to market movies in a way that the public would accept. These three events caused the existing system of ratings to be no longer viable. Jack Valenti said, "I knew that the mix of new social currents, the irresistible force of creators determined to make 'their' films and the possible intrusion of government into the movie arena demanded my immediate action."

Shortly after this time, under the direction of Jack Valenti and the MPAA, a new ratings system was developed with the agreement of the National Association of Theatre Owners (NATO) and the governing committee of the International Film Importers & Distributors of America (IFIDA) representing independent producers and distributors. On November 1, 1968, the MPAA announced a new voluntary system in which movies would be rated according to one of four categories:

* G - General Audiences

* M - Mature Audiences

* R - Restricted Audiences

* X - No one under 17 admitted

This rating system was intended to allow the movie industry the flexibility to create whatever content they wished, while placing the responsibility on parents to decide which movies their children should see. There would be no content regulation or stamp of approval on films, but rather a system that provided parents with information in advance about the appropriateness of each movie for any audience, including children.

Further Updates to the Ratings in the 1980s and 1990s

Since 1968, the system has gone through a number of revisions to the ratings, including:

* Replacing the M rating with PG and PG-13

* Replacing the X rating with NC-17

* Adding "brief" descriptions of why a movie received its rating

As a result, the system we have today now contains 5 ratings:





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Do adult movie production studios actually submit films to the MPAA in the first place? Is there a legal requirement to?

BTW, Adelphia bowing to the nazi's of the AFA is disgusting, but considering the origins of Adelphia it in keeping. :)
The X ratings are unofficial scale for the porn industry on 'harcoreness'

X- Softcore porn, Cinemax at 2AM or Pleasure PPV

XX- A bit more graphic, Playboy/Spice

XXX- hardcore/extreme fetish, Ecstasy, TEN and the others that are banned in 6 states.

NC-17 (the former real X) doesn’t necessarily mean porn, it means extreme, and is a rating I wish wasn’t around. Getting an NC-17 rating pretty much guarantees the flick will not be a box office smash due to limited revenue so the studios will edit it down to an R. When the South Park movie was originally put in front of the MPAA it received an NC-17, Robocop was rated X for 20 some seconds of extreme gore and violence. When adding movies to my Netflix queue I will always go for an unrated version if there is one.
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